FAQ: What Is The Purpose Of Terrace Farming?

What is the purpose of terraces?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.

What is terrace farming and how is it useful?

Terrace farming is carried out on the slopes of the mountains. Terraces are built on the slopes of the mountains to create flat lands to grow crops. Terrace farming is useful as it slows down the speed of water running down the mountains. This conserves fertile top soil.

What is terrace farming and who used it?

Terrace farming is a technique in farming where a sloped surface is cut into flat layers, resembling a series of steps. It was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. The terrace farming method has made cultivation of crops in mountainous or hilly regions possible.

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What are the effects of terrace farming?

Terracing requires huge inputs of labor to construct and maintain, and when not properly maintained, the effects can be catastrophic. Unmaintained terraces can lead to mudslides, the creation of deep gulleys and increased soil erosion, particularly in sandy soils or on extremely steep terrains.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces, and the time required to maintain terraces.

Where is terracing most useful?

Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south, and southeast Asia, as well as the Mediterranean Basin, Africa, and South America.

Is terrace farming still used today?

Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

Why is terrace farming done in hilly areas?

Hilly region are prone to soil erosion and water scarcity. To prevent the loss of topsoil from the hills side terrace farming done. The cut terraces allow water to slow down while they flow from the upper hill towards the lower side of the hill.

What is terrace farming in simple words?

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.

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Which tribe is known for using terrace farming?

Principally living in oases, gorges and valleys of Alto Loa, in the region of Antofagasta, these peoples learned about terrace farming from the Inca, who taught them how to make the best use of scant water resources to grow food on the limited fertile land at such high altitudes.

Is terrace farming good or bad?

Terracing is one of the oldest means of saving soil and water. Existing literature and information shows that terraces can considerably reduce soil loss due to water erosion if they are well planned, correctly constructed and properly maintained. If not maintained, they can provoke land degradation.

How does a terrace work?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.

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