In Mountaainous Regions Of South And East Asia ,What Farming Method Is Used For Growing Plants?

What method of farming is used in mountainous areas?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.

What type of farming is used in Southeast Asia?

Three broad types of small-scale agriculture are prominent throughout the region: ricefields, rainfed fields, and homegardens. Rice is the staple food of most Southeast Asians, and flooded rice paddies dominate most agricultural landscapes in Southeast Asia.

What type of farming takes place in Asia?

Major farming systems in East Asia and Pacific

  • Lowland Rice Farming System.
  • Tree Crop Mixed Farming System.
  • Root-Tuber Farming System.
  • Upland Intensive Mixed Farming System.
  • Highland Extensive Mixed Farming System.
  • Temperate Mixed Farming System.
  • Pastoral Farming System.
  • Sparse (Forest) Farming System.
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What is terrace farming and why is it a farming method used in Southeast Asia?

Terrace farming is commonly found through Asia and is used when the terrain is particularly hilly or steep. Terraces are made using low walls of Earth up the side of the hills, these allow the farmers to make flat areas for planting their crops – the terraces.

What type of farming is most common in mountainous areas?

From a global perspective, mountain farming is family farming. Mountain areas, with their dispersed patches of useable land at different altitudes with different climates and with their often highly fragmented landscapes and narrow limits for mechanization, are most efficiently and effectively managed by family farms.

Why are mountainous areas difficult to farm?

Producing crops and livestock in mountain environments can present many difficult challenges. Compared to surrounding lowlands, highland farmers contend with shorter growing seasons, greater distance to markets, and the ever-present challenge posed by gravity.

What is the main crop of Southeast Asia?

Although rice is still the region’s main crop, other commodities such as maize, coffee, cocoa as well as fruits and vegetables are also important.

Which is the best country in farming?

Agriculture, value added (current US$) – Country Ranking

Rank Country Year
1 China 2018
2 India 2018
3 United States 2017
4 Indonesia 2018

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Which country in Asia has the most fertile land?

The country with the highest value in the region is Bangladesh, with a value of 59.65.

What are the top 5 commodities in Asia?

Asia is noted for several plantation cash crops, of which the most important are tea, rubber, palm oil, coconuts, and sugarcane.

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What are the two types of farming system?

This farming system consists of two types of farming, namely: large-scale commercialized farming, and scattered small-holder farming. Both kinds of agriculture use a mixed system of agricultural production.

What crops are grown in South Asia?

Rice and some wheat are grown, as well as pearl millet and sorghum, a wide variety of pulses and oilseeds, sugarcane, and vegetables and fruit.

Which area is suitable for terrace farming?

Terrace cultivation has been practiced in China, Japan, the Philippines, and other areas of Oceania and Southeast Asia; around the Mediterranean; in parts of Africa; and in the Andes of South America for centuries.

What type of farming is called terrace farming?

Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace.

Why is terrace farming Practised in hilly areas?

Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.

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