Often asked: What Is Taungya Farming?

What is Taungya system?

The taungya is a system whereby villagers and sometimes forest plantation workers are given the right to cultivate agricultural crops during the early stages of forest plantation establishment. Cultivation is often allowed to continue until trees shade crops due to canopy closure.

Where is Taungya farming?

Taungya is Burmas ward meaning hill cultivation, it was introduced into-India by Dr. Brandis in 1890 and the first Taungya plantation was raised in 1896 in north Bengal. It is practiced in Kerala, West Bangal, U.P., and to lesser extent in Tamil Nadu, A. P. Orissa and the north eastern hill regions.

What are the advantages of Taungya farming?

(b) Advantages of taungya farming are (i) it leads to variety in crops harvested. (ii) lt also leads to availability of crop produced throughout the year. (iii) When leguminous crops are used, the beneficial effect of root nodules increases soil fertility for the benefit of the forest trees.

What are the types of Taungya system?

Types of Taungya: i. Departmental Taungya: Under this, agricultural crops and plantation are raised by the forest department by employing a number of labourers on daily wages. Usually each family has about 0.8 to 1.7 ha of land to raise trees and cultivate crops for 3 to 4 years.

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Who is father of forestry?

Dietrich Brandis

Sir Dietrich Brandis KCIE, FRS
Born 31 March 1824 Bonn
Died 29 May 1907 (aged 83) Bonn
Nationality German
Occupation botanist, forestry academic, civil servant

What is a plantation farmer?

Plantation farming was a system of agriculture in which large farms in the American colonies used the forced labor of slaves to plant and harvest cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco and other farm produce for trade and export.

How much percentage of land is covered with forest?

Forests cover 31 percent of the global land area.

Who introduced Taungya system in India?

The taungya (taung = hill, ya = cultivation) is a Burmese word coined in Burma in 1850s. The taungya system was introduced into India by Brandis in 1890 and the first taungya plantations were raised in 1896 in North Bengal.

How many types of thinning are there?

Consider three types of classic thinning: low, crown, and selection thinning (Fig.

How are forests useful to us?

We depend on forests for our survival, from the air we breathe to the wood we use. Besides providing habitats for animals and livelihoods for humans, forests also offer watershed protection, prevent soil erosion and mitigate climate change.

What is an even aged stand?

A Growth of Even – Aged Stands. Even – aged stands are ones where the range of tree ages within a stand do not vary by more than 20% or so. Plantation forests are the best example of even – aged stands, as often they are created using seedlings or clones from a common set of parents.

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What are the objectives of silviculture?

The knowledge of silviculture helps to regulate the density of the crop at various sizes / ages which helps to reach exploitable size much faster. Thus, rotation of a crop can be reduced by regulating the density of the crop. It also helps in identifying short rotation crops.

What is a Silvopastoral system?

Silvopastoral systems are a deliberate combination of trees, pastures, and livestock (12). This combination allows a mixture of different quantities of these three components depending on the features of the ecosystem to be managed. Most of this deforested land is used in extensive livestock production systems (6).

What Is alley crop?

Alley cropping is the cultivation of food, forage or specialty crops between rows of trees. It is a larger version of intercropping or companion planting conducted over a longer time scale.

What is continuous cropping?

Continuous cropping refers to a system in which certain crops are ”replanted” in soils that had previously supported the same or similar plant species [8].

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