Question: How Is Terrace Farming Done?

What is terrace farming or step farming?

Terrace farming (also called step farming ) is a method of farming that consists of different ” steps ” or terraces that were developed in various places around the world. The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (hills and mountains) is a World Heritage Site. It dates back two thousand years.

What are examples of terrace farming?

The Batad Rice Terraces in Ifugao, Philippines. The Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao, Philippines. Rice cultivation, Lower Himalayas, Nepal. Longsheng Rice Terrace in Longsheng county, Guangxi Province, southern China.

Why are terraces built for farming?

Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner. Terraces are used to reduce sheet and rill erosion and prevent gully development. Grassed frontslopes and backslopes of some terraces provide cover for wildlife.

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Is terrace farming still used today?

Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

What are the disadvantages of terrace farming?

4 Other Disadvantages Unmaintained terraces can lead to mudslides, the creation of deep gulleys and increased soil erosion, particularly in sandy soils or on extremely steep terrains. Terracing also has been shown to reduce soil quality via the leaching of important nutrients from the soil in some areas.

What are the benefits of terrace farming?

Benefits of Terrace Gardening

  • Prevents Soil Erosion & Makes More Efficient Use of Water. Just like the rice terraces throughout Asia, garden terracing can solve the problem of soil erosion and water runoff.
  • Creates Natural Steps & A Flat Space For Gardening.
  • Creates Attractive Multi-level Landscape Opportunities.

Which area is suitable for terrace farming?

Terrace cultivation has been practiced in China, Japan, the Philippines, and other areas of Oceania and Southeast Asia; around the Mediterranean; in parts of Africa; and in the Andes of South America for centuries.

Is a terrace a balcony?

A terrace is an open space that can be attached or detached to a building. In contrast, balconies are small elevated platforms that are affixed to a given room in the house. Whereas a terrace can have multiple points of access, a balcony is typically only accessible through the room.

Why is terrace farming done in hilly areas?

Hilly region are prone to soil erosion and water scarcity. To prevent the loss of topsoil from the hills side terrace farming done. The cut terraces allow water to slow down while they flow from the upper hill towards the lower side of the hill.

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Why is terrace farming Practised in hilly areas?

Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.

What is the environmental impact of terrace farming?

Nevertheless, soil erosion and the loss of topsoil are still major threats to terrace farming. Terracing affects the rate of soil erosion caused by water through its effect on local hydrology, runoff characteristics, soil moisture and soil characteristics (Chow et al., 1999).

What is difference between contour Ploughing and terrace farming?

What is the difference between contour ploughing and terrace farming? In terracing, wide steps are cut around the slopes of hills to prevent soil erosion. Terrace farming alters the shape of the slope to produce flat areas whereas contour ploughing follows the natural shape of the slope without altering it.

What is terrace farming and how is it useful?

Terrace farming is carried out on the slopes of the mountains. Terraces are built on the slopes of the mountains to create flat lands to grow crops. Terrace farming is useful as it slows down the speed of water running down the mountains. This conserves fertile top soil.

What is terrace farming Why is it popular in the mountains?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.

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