Question: What Is Conservation Farming?

What is meant by conservation farming?

Conservation Agriculture is defined as an approach to manage agro-ecosystems for improved and sustained productivity, increased profits and food security, while preserving and enhancing the resource base and the environment.

What is conservation farming in agriculture?

Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a farming system that can prevent losses of arable land while regenerating degraded lands. It promotes maintenance of a permanent soil cover, minimum soil disturbance, and diversification of plant species.

What is the importance of conservation farming?

Accurate placement of fertilisers and seed reduces wastage and allows optimal use by the crop. Retaining residues reduces soil and water loss, improves infiltration, reduces soil temperatures and, in time, improves soil fertility. Conservation Farming minimises crop loss in drought years and improves food security.

What are the types of conservation agriculture?

Conservation agriculture is largely the product of the collective efforts of a number of previous agricultural movements, including no-till agriculture, agroforestry, green manures/cover crops, direct planting/seeding, integrated pest management, and conservation tillage among many others.

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How conservation agriculture is done?

In conservation agriculture, crop residues left on the field, mulch and special cover crops protect the soil from erosion and limit weed growth throughout the year. In conventional farming, the same crop is sometimes planted each season.

How do you do conservation agriculture?

Three principles of Conservation Agriculture: (i.e. no tillage) through direct seed and/or fertilizer placement. (at least 30 percent) with crop residues and/or cover crops. through varied crop sequences and associations involving at least three different crops.

What are the disadvantages of conservation agriculture?


  • Slow soil warming in the spring, especially on poorly drained soils.
  • Requires planter modification or a no-till planter.
  • Increased dependence on herbicides for weed management.

How is conservation farming sustainable?

It provides a truly sustainable production system, not only conserving but also enhancing the natural resources and increasing the variety of soil biota, fauna and flora (including wild life) in agricultural production systems without sacrificing yields on high production levels. Enhanced biodiversity.

How does conservationist agriculture impact the environment?

Soil, Water, and Biodiversity: Conservation programs help farmers, ranchers, and foresters enhance soil health, mitigate water pollution, and create habitat for a diversity of wildlife species.

What would be the possible advantages of conservation?

Preservation of open space, trails, parks and greenways creates jobs, enhances property values, expands local businesses, attracts new or relocating businesses, increases local tax revenues, decreases local government expenditures through the natural provision of ecosystem services, decreases the cost of recreation and

What are benefits of farming?

In general, farm work for adults is thought to provide exercise, fresh air, opportunities for problem solving, appreciation for land and animals, and satisfaction in one’s work.

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What is the meaning of conservation?

1: a careful preservation and protection of something especially: planned management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect water conservation wildlife conservation. 2: the preservation of a physical quantity during transformations or reactions.

What are the basic principles of conservation agriculture?

The 3 principles of CA are: minimum tillage and soil disturbance. permanent soil cover with crop residues and live mulches. crop rotation and intercropping.

What is soil conservation?

Soil conservation is the prevention of loss of the top most layer of the soil from erosion or prevention of reduced fertility caused by over usage, acidification, salinization or other chemical soil contamination. Farmers have practiced soil conservation for millennia.

What is the origin of conservation agriculture?

The term “ conservation agriculture ” was coined in the 1990s, but the idea to minimize soil disturbance has its origins in the 1930s, during the Dust Bowl in the United States of America. CIMMYT pioneered no-till training programs and trials in the 1970s, in maize and wheat systems in Latin America.

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