- 1 Why is farming a challenge in the Andes?
- 2 How were the people able to farm in the Andes Mountains?
- 3 What conditions make life difficult in the Andes?
- 4 What are the effects of the Andes Mountains?
- 5 Why do farmers cut terraces in the land?
- 6 Is terrace farming still used today?
- 7 Is it easy to grow food in the Andes Mountains?
- 8 What crops are grown in the Andes Mountains?
- 9 How were the Incas able to farm high in the mountains?
- 10 What is bad about the Andes Mountains?
- 11 Why are the Andes dangerous?
- 12 How does the Andes mountains affect humans?
- 13 How cold is the Andes Mountains?
- 14 What animals live in Andes Mountains?
- 15 What is the longest mountain in the world?
Why is farming a challenge in the Andes?
Life in the Andes was challenging in many ways. Agriculture in particular was extremely difficult. The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.
How were the people able to farm in the Andes Mountains?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
What conditions make life difficult in the Andes?
Scarce oxygen, cold temperatures, and intense ultraviolet radiation make the Andes a tough place to live. How did humans adapt to such heights? A new study of ancient and modern DNA suggests in some South American highlanders, the answer includes changes to their heart muscles.
What are the effects of the Andes Mountains?
Because the Andes act as a large wall between the Pacific Ocean and the continent, they have a tremendous impact on climate in the region. The northern part of the Andes is typically rainy and warm, and the weather is also wet in the eastern part of central Andes, and the area to the southwest.
Why do farmers cut terraces in the land?
Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.
Is terrace farming still used today?
Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.
Is it easy to grow food in the Andes Mountains?
Farming. Farmers in the Andes mountains grow crops such as bananas and potatoes. Crops grown in the lower zones are grown in a lot of heat and crops in the higher zones are grown in a lot cooler climates. Farmers make terraces because the mountains are slanted so in order to grow crops they have to make the land flat.
What crops are grown in the Andes Mountains?
Some crops include, quinoa, potatoes, wheat, corn, and barley. Juan says “Building Terraces give us more land for farming.
How were the Incas able to farm high in the mountains?
The Incas had to create flat land to farm since they lived in the mountains. They did this by creating terraces. Terraces were carved steps of land in the mountainside. Not only did this genius way of farming help them grow crops, it was also great for irrigation and preventing drought.
What is bad about the Andes Mountains?
The reduced air pressure and lack of oxygen found high in the Andes will cause those who are unaccustomed to such conditions to feel a variety of symptoms such as light-headedness, extreme fatigue and nausea, as well as headaches and shortness of breath.
Why are the Andes dangerous?
The dense settlement structures with sometimes millions of people are particularly vulnerable to natural hazards. The Andean region is at high risk of natural disasters and the effects of climate change. Earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, volcanic eruptions, forest fires or floods occur in a relatively confined area.
How does the Andes mountains affect humans?
In Peru, mining is the most important human activity above 11,500 feet, but the great majority of the Andean population is engaged in agriculture and raising sheep, cattle, goats, llamas, and alpacas; a growing proportion of people have become employed in industry and commerce.
How cold is the Andes Mountains?
In winter the temperatures usually averages about less than 52°F. In the summer it usually averages 68°F. These temperatures are mainly from biomes around and in the Andes Mountains. The precipitation of the Andes Mountain climate changes but not drastically between two places.
What animals live in Andes Mountains?
Here are just some of the amazing wildlife that thrives in the Andes:
- The Andean Condor. Few animals are as iconic, in the high Andes, as the spellbinding condor.
- The Llama.
- The Alpaca.
- The Guanaco.
- The Vicuña.
- The Viscacha.
- The Andean (Spectacled) Bear.
- The Mountain Tapir.
What is the longest mountain in the world?
The world’s longest above-water mountain range is the Andes, about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long. List.
|Country||Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela|
|Highest point||Mount Aconcagua|