- 1 How did most Americans earn a living in 1800 Commerce Manufacturing farming ship building?
- 2 Which invention made plantations in the South more profitable than they had ever been?
- 3 What did nativists advocate for?
- 4 Why was the demand for cotton so high during the early nineteenth century?
- 5 Where did the majority of immigrants find new homes in America?
- 6 Why did farmers face difficulties in the late nineteenth century?
- 7 What is king cotton in the South?
- 8 How were cotton and slavery connected?
- 9 Why did Eli Whitney never profit from his invention of the cotton gin?
- 10 What were nativists afraid of?
- 11 What caused a distrust of foreigners?
- 12 Why were nativist opposed to immigration?
- 13 What did cotton replace as the main cash crop?
- 14 Why did the slaves pick cotton?
- 15 How much of the world’s cotton came from the south?
How did most Americans earn a living in 1800 Commerce Manufacturing farming ship building?
Answer: Most Americans were farmers who lived and worked on modest farms. Describe a typical day of a farm family in the early 1800s. the men and boys worked in the fields and tended the livestock.
Which invention made plantations in the South more profitable than they had ever been?
Eli Whitney’s invention made the production of cotton more profitable, and increased the concentration of slaves in the cotton-producing Deep South. This phenomenal and sudden explosion of success of the cotton industry gave slavery a new lease on life.
What did nativists advocate for?
Nativism is the political policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants, including the support of immigration-restriction measures.
Why was the demand for cotton so high during the early nineteenth century?
The textile mills of New England and Great Britain demanded cotton, and the American South supplied it. The mills’ insatiable hunger for cotton kept prices high, so that white southern farmers demanded ever more land, and ever more enslaved people, to grow it.
Where did the majority of immigrants find new homes in America?
Where did the majority of immigrants find new homes in America? Eastern cities near factories.
Why did farmers face difficulties in the late nineteenth century?
The challenges that many American farmers faced in the last quarter of the nineteenth century were significant. They contended with economic hardships born out of rapidly declining farm prices, prohibitively high tariffs on items they needed to purchase, and foreign competition.
What is king cotton in the South?
” King Cotton ” is a slogan that summarized the strategy used before the American Civil War (of 1861–1865) by pro-secessionists in the southern states (the future Confederate States of America) to claim the feasibility of secession and to prove there was no need to fear a war with the northern states.
How were cotton and slavery connected?
Cotton transformed the United States, making fertile land in the Deep South, from Georgia to Texas, extraordinarily valuable. Growing more cotton meant an increased demand for slaves. Slaves in the Upper South became incredibly more valuable as commodities because of this demand for them in the Deep South.
Why did Eli Whitney never profit from his invention of the cotton gin?
In 1794, U.S.-born inventor Eli Whitney (1765-1825) patented the cotton gin, a machine that revolutionized the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber. Despite its success, the gin made little money for Whitney due to patent-infringement issues.
What were nativists afraid of?
The most influential nativist group of the era, the Know-Nothing Party, was formed in part out of fear of growing Catholic influence in the Democratic Party.
What caused a distrust of foreigners?
Terms in this set (10) Americans had to be on alert for enemy spies. This fear led to a distrust of foreigners. Many americans saw strikes as a start of a communist revolution.
Why were nativist opposed to immigration?
Why did nativists oppose immigration and what steps did they take against it? Nativists wanted to limit immigration so that they could preserve the U.S. for native-born white Protestants. Also, they thought that immigrants were too different and took American factory jobs.
What did cotton replace as the main cash crop?
After the invention of the cotton gin (1793), cotton surpassed tobacco as the dominant cash crop in the agricultural economy of the South, soon comprising more than half the total U.S. exports. The concept of “King Cotton ” was first suggested in David Christy’s book Cotton Is King (1855).
Why did the slaves pick cotton?
Many people believed the cotton gin would reduce the need for enslaved people because the machine could supplant human labor. But in reality, the increased processing capacity accelerated demand. The more cotton processed, the more that could be exported to the mills of Great Britain and New England.
How much of the world’s cotton came from the south?
Seventy-five percent of the cotton that supplied Britain’s cotton mills came from the American South, and the labor that produced that cotton came from slaves. Because of British demand, cotton was vital to the American economy.