Quick Answer: Reasons Why To Use Fertilizers And Pesticides In Crop Farming?

Why do crops need fertilizer and pesticides?

Pesticide is another most important input for increasing crop production and protects everything from flower gardens to agricultural crops from specific pests [1]. Using modern varieties of fertilizers and pesticides result in the increase of agricultural production.

What are the benefits of using fertilizer and pesticides?

Soil structure is improved. Helps for soil to retain nutrients and moisture. Long-term environmental benefits as they are less likely to contaminate lands and waters. Far safer to the overall crop for both grazers and farmers.

Why do we use pesticides in farming?

Pesticides are used in agriculture to control weeds, insect infestation and diseases. There are many different types of pesticides; each is meant to be effective against specific pests. Herbicides to kill or inhibit the growth of unwanted plants, also known as weeds.

Why farmers use fertilizers?

This is why farmers add nutrients to their soils. This maintains the soil fertility, so the farmer can continue to grow nutritious crops and healthy crops. Farmers turn to fertilizers because these substances contain plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

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How can we reduce pesticides and fertilizers?

What can you do to minimize pesticide exposure?

  1. Buy organic and locally grown fruit and vegetables.
  2. Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
  3. Know which fruits and vegetables have higher levels of pesticide residue.
  4. Grow your own produce.
  5. Use non-toxic methods for controlling insects in the home and garden.

How do farmers protect their crops?

The best ways to protect crop damage are by incorporating integrated pest and insect management. Spraying insecticides, pesticides help to minimize the crop damage by controlling the insects and other pests.

What are the harmful effects of pesticides and fertilizers?

Fertilizers and pesticides use has led to the problem of air, water and soil pollution. The nitrous oxide (N2O) produced by microbial action on inorganic fertilizers in soil causes depletion of stratospheric ozone layer, which serve as shield against harmful UV-rays emanating from the sun.

What are benefits of using pesticides?

Along with other plant science innovations, pesticides help farmers grow crops more efficiently and sustain-ably than ever before. There are three main types of agricultural pesticides: Herbicides control weeds so that crops can flourish without unwanted plants competing for vital nutrients, space, water and sunlight.

What are the importance of pesticides?

Pesticides are important. They help farmers grow more food on less land by protecting crops from pests, diseases and weeds as well as raising productivity per hectare. Production of major crops has more than tripled since 1960, thanks in large part to pesticides.

What is difference between pesticide and insecticide?

Pesticides are chemicals that may be used to kill fungus, bacteria, insects, plant disease, etc. These chemicals work by ingestion or touch and death may occur immediately or over a long period of time. An insecticide is used to specifically target and kill insects.

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What are pesticides examples?

A. Examples of pesticides are fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides. Examples of specific synthetic chemical pesticides are glyphosate, Acephate, Deet, Propoxur, Metaldehyde, Boric Acid, Diazinon, Dursban, DDT, Malathion, etc.

What are the pesticides used for farming?

Insecticides include following main chemical families: organochlorines (removed from the market due to their high toxicity), organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids. Typical chemical families of herbicides are following: phenoxy herbicides, benzoic acid herbicides, triazines, ureas.

What are advantages of fertilizers?

Advantages of applying fertilisers to the land:

  • It increases crop yield and improves poor quality land.
  • Manure improves soil texture, recycles nitrogen and introduces essential bacteria.
  • Pasture is improved so animals fatten up quicker.
  • Once marshland is drained, fertilisers can help reclaim that land for pasture.

How are fertilizers harmful?

Fertilizers provide crops with nutrients like potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen, which allow crops to grow bigger, faster, and to produce more food. However, applying excessive amounts of fertilizer leads to the release of harmful greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and the eutrophication of our waterways.

What type of fertilizer do farmers use?

The shift since then to larger corporate farms has coincided with the use of chemical fertilizers in modern agricultural practices. The three major types of commercial fertilizer used in the U.S. are nitrogen, phosphate, and potash.

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