Quick Answer: What Is A Cafo And How Is It Diff Erent From Traditional Farming?

What is a CAFO farm?

A CAFO is a specific type of large-scale industrial agricultural facility that raises animals, usually at. high-density, for the consumption of meat, eggs, or milk. To be considered a CAFO, a farm must first be. categorized as an animal feeding operation (AFO). An AFO is a lot or facility where animals are kept.

What is considered a CAFO?

A CAFO is an AFO with more than 1000 animal units (an animal unit is defined as an animal equivalent of 1000 pounds live weight and equates to 1000 head of beef cattle, 700 dairy cows, 2500 swine weighing more than 55 lbs, 125 thousand broiler chickens, or 82 thousand laying hens or pullets) confined on site for more

What are CAFOs pros and cons?

List of the Pros of CAFO

  • CAFOs help us to reduce issues with food waste.
  • Farming can happen almost anywhere.
  • Food prices stay low because of CAFOs.
  • It creates a market where some food prices can go down.
  • CAFOs provide plenty of employment opportunities.
  • Organizations can diversify their food portfolio with CAFOs.
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What is the purpose of CAFO?

AFOs that meet the regulatory definition of a concentrated animal feeding operation ( CAFO ) are regulated under the NPDES permitting program. The NPDES program regulates the discharge of pollutants from point sources to waters of the United States.

Why is cafo bad?

CAFOs produce huge amounts of animal sewage and other pollutants. Over 168 gases are emitted from CAFO waste, including hazardous chemicals such as ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and methane. Airborne particulate matter is found near CAFOs and can carry disease-causing bacteria, fungus, or other pathogens.

What companies use CAFOs?

CAFO Companies

  • Organix, Inc. based in Walla, WASHINGTON (USA)
  • Advanced Industrial Aeration. based in Orlando, FLORIDA (USA)
  • Pacific Sentry LLC. based in Redmond, WASHINGTON (USA)
  • Center for Food Safety (CFS)
  • Northern Trailer.
  • Brown Bear Corporation.
  • Geoflow, Inc.

Where are most CAFOs located?

For example, large numbers of swine CAFOs are now located in Iowa and North Carolina, dairy CAFOs in California, and broiler chicken CAFOs in Arkansas and Georgia.

What is considered a large CAFO?

A large CAFO is one that EPA has determined, based on size alone, the operation has the potential to discharge into the waters of the state. A dairy with more than 700 milk cows, a beef farm with more than 1,000 animals and a pig farm with more than 2,500 pigs weighing over 55 lbs. are all considered large CAFOs.

Is a factory farm a CAFO?

Also known as factory farms or concentrated animal feeding operations ( CAFOs ), these facilities confine thousands—and sometimes millions—of animals without adequate space or access to open air or pasture.

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Why should CAFOs be avoided?

CAFOs are a major contributor to Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) nationwide. HABs occur when an overgrowth of algae takes over a body of water and produce toxins that can threaten environmental and public health. So-called “nutrients” (phosphorous and nitrogen), major constituents of CAFO waste, fuel these algae outbreaks.

How common are CAFOs?

As of 2016 there were around 212,000 AFOs in the United States, 19,496 of which were CAFOs. Livestock production has become increasingly dominated by CAFOs in the United States and other parts of the world. Most poultry was raised in CAFOs starting in the 1950s, and most cattle and pigs by the 1970s and 1980s.

What percent of farms are CAFOs?

Potential CAFOs by State, Derived From the 1997 Census of Agriculture *

Farms with confined livestock types Percent of farms with confined livestock types
Arkansas 6,491 14.1%
California 3,478 35.4%
Colorado 1,457 15.7%
Delaware 981 14.7%


How do you regulate CAFOs?

CAFOs are regulated by the federal Clean Water Act (CWA) under the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting program2.

What is a feedlot operation?

What is a feedlot? The EPA defines feedlots, or animal feeding operations (AFOs), as “agricultural operations where animals are kept and raised in confined situationsthat congregate animals, feed, manure and urine, dead animals, and production operations on a small land area.

What types of CAFOs are in Farmville how many animals are housed in each CAFO?

How many animals are housed in each CAFO? There is one poultry and three swine CAFOs in farmville. The McGill Poultry houses 80,000 laying hens, and the Honeyhill Farms and Eastville Swinery houses between 5,000 to 8,500 pigs.

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