Quick Answer: What Is Terrace Step Farming?

What is terrace or step farming?

Terrace farming (also called step farming ) is a method of farming that consists of different ” steps ” or terraces that were developed in various places around the world. The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (hills and mountains) is a World Heritage Site.

What is terraces in farming?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out.

What is terrace farming give example?

It is used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice. Example: most well-known use of terrace farming are the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, and a flat area that can be flooded is best. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

Why is terrace farming done?

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.

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What are the benefits of terrace farming?

Benefits of Terrace Gardening

  • Prevents Soil Erosion & Makes More Efficient Use of Water. Just like the rice terraces throughout Asia, garden terracing can solve the problem of soil erosion and water runoff.
  • Creates Natural Steps & A Flat Space For Gardening.
  • Creates Attractive Multi-level Landscape Opportunities.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces, and the time required to maintain terraces.

How do we use terrace farming today?

Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia. Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. This leads to the growth of healthy crops. There are two types of terracing known as graded terracing and level terracing.

How many types of terraces are there?

There are three kinds of terraces (a) bench terraced farmlands; (b) sloping terraced farmland; (c) combination level terraced farmlands and natural slope land. Bench terrace is the basic type of farmland in mountains. A bench terrace with its level platform and projected or ridged rim may hold rainwater for irrigation.

Is a terrace a balcony?

A terrace is an open space that can be attached or detached to a building. In contrast, balconies are small elevated platforms that are affixed to a given room in the house. Whereas a terrace can have multiple points of access, a balcony is typically only accessible through the room.

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How do I start terrace farming?

So this is how you get started with your terrace vegetable garden:

  1. Gather all the material you will need:
  2. Plan A Layout For Your Terrace Vegetable Garden.
  3. Preparing The Soil.
  4. Choose The Planting Containers.
  5. Choosing The Vegetables.
  6. Start Planting Your Vegetables In Pots.
  7. Don’t Let Your Plants Remain Thirsty.

Is tea grown in terrace farming?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice,and tea.

Which state has terrace farming?

In India, terrace cultivation takes place in the states of Uttaranchal, Punjab, Meghalaya, Haryana, Plains of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. Terrace farming is easily seen on the roadside valleys of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.

What are some disadvantages of terrace farming?

4 Other Disadvantages Unmaintained terraces can lead to mudslides, the creation of deep gulleys and increased soil erosion, particularly in sandy soils or on extremely steep terrains. Terracing also has been shown to reduce soil quality via the leaching of important nutrients from the soil in some areas.

Why is terrace farming Practised in hilly areas?

Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.

Which crops are grown in terrace farming?

Paddy, cereals, berries, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, colouring plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds, millets, buckwheat, saffron, black cumin, grain amaranth, spices, etc. are some crops grown using terrace farming.

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