Readers ask: What Are The Things Needed To Go Into Cocoa Farming?

How do I start a cocoa farm?

Starting a cocoa plantation in Nigeria

  1. Pick the right location for your plantation.
  2. Prepare the soil for planting.
  3. Decide which type of tree you are going to grow.
  4. Start your plantation when the conditions are perfect for it.
  5. Watch over the wellbeing of your crops.

What are the requirements for the growth of cocoa?

It requires a minimum of 90-100 mm rainfall per month with an annual rainfall of 1500-2000 mm. The plants need equitable climate with well distributed rainfall. If dry periods are prolonged, irrigation scheduling is necessary. The temperature range of 15°-39°C with optimum of 25°C is considered ideal.

How do you manage a cocoa farm?

To look after your plantation properly you must:

  1. Replace seedlings that have not grown.
  2. Remove weeds and keep the soil covered.
  3. Prune the cocoa trees.
  4. Apply fertilizer.
  5. Protect the cocoa trees from insects and diseases.

How much does a cocoa farmer earn?

The average cocoa farm will produce one or two tonnes of cocoa beans a year; one tonne is 16 sacks of cocoa. The average farmer will make between $1,400-$2,000 profit a year, at most about $5 a day, which will need to support 6-10 dependants.

You might be interested:  Readers ask: How To Make A Corruption Biome For Farming?

How many years does Cocoa take to grow?

With proper care, most cocoa trees yield pods by the fourth or fifth year and can continue for another 30 years. A typical pod contains 30 to 40 beans and there are about 30 pods per tree; approximately 400 dried beans are required to make one pound of cocoa.

How much water does a cocoa tree need?

Depending upon rainfall, the cacao will need between 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm.) of water per week. Don’t let it get soggy, though.

Which climate is best for cocoa tree?

Climate: Cocoa is essentially a plant of tropical region. The equatorial environment with high temperatures and heavy rainfall is the best. An annual rainfall of 200 to 350 cm is ideal but it will grow in areas with 150 cm of rain.

What type of soil does cocoa grow in?

What kind of soil is best? Cacao needs soil that is nutrient-rich, retains water well and has good drainage. Soils that consist of large, coarse particles are ideal as they leave free space for the roots to grow.

Why is cocoa farming important?

Cocoa, Theobroma cacao, is a very important crop because it provides food, income, employment, industrial raw material and resources for poverty reduction [1]. Besides the provision of livelihood for millions of smallholder farmers, cocoa also provides raw material for the multibillion global chocolate industry.

What is the planting distance for cocoa?

First mark the rows for the cocoa trees, leaving about 2.5 to 3 metres between rows. Along each row, mark out with pegs the spots where the cocoa trees are to go. Leave about 2.5 to 3 metres between trees. In this way you can plant about 1 000 to 1 600 seedlings per hectare.

You might be interested:  Often asked: How Dairy Farming Works?

What is a cocoa farm?

Farmers grow cocoa trees on small farms in tropical environments, within 15-20 degrees north and south of the equator. Cocoa farmers must protect the cocoa trees from the wind and sun. They also fertilize the soil and prevent the cocoa beans from pests and disease.

Why are cocoa farmers paid so little?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.

Why is cocoa so cheap?

additives to cut costs Big chocolate manufacturers use many escamotages to keep the price of their products low. Cocoa butter is a very expensive ingredient, often replaced by big chocolate manufacturers with cheaper alternatives. Other ingredients that are used in the place of cocoa butter are emulsifiers.

How many chocolate bars does 1 kg of cocoa make?

You can also visit a chocolate maker in your area or their website and beg them to sell you a 3 kilos of cacao- this can cost about $20 US dollars per kilo but it will yield you about 30 bars, 50 grams each, 70% chocolate.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *