- 1 Why was farming important to the Aztecs?
- 2 What was the unique way that the Aztec farmers grew their crops?
- 3 How did Aztecs grow crops?
- 4 What was the most important food of the Aztecs?
- 5 What did Aztecs eat breakfast?
- 6 What did the Aztecs drink?
- 7 How were Aztec slaves treated?
- 8 Who destroyed the Aztec empire?
- 9 How did the Aztec economy grow without money?
- 10 What is the Aztecs main crop?
- 11 What was Aztecs religion?
- 12 What did the Aztecs invent?
- 13 What did the Aztecs use for money?
- 14 Did the Aztecs invent chocolate?
- 15 What gods did the Aztecs worship?
Why was farming important to the Aztecs?
Agriculture, along with trade and tribute, formed the basis of the Aztec Empire. As such, growing enough food to feed the urban populations of the Aztec cities was of major importance. Many inhabitants of all of the Aztec cities were involved in planting, cultivating and harvesting the empire’s food.
What was the unique way that the Aztec farmers grew their crops?
The Aztecs used stunning floating gardens — otherwise known as chinampas — to grow their crops without harming the environment.
How did Aztecs grow crops?
Once the floating island was secure and useable, the Aztecs used it to plant their principal crop: corn. They also grew various vegetables (such as avocados, beans, chili peppers, squash, and tomatoes), and sometimes—even flowers. Unfortunately, the Aztecs had no animals or machines to help them work the land.
What was the most important food of the Aztecs?
Maize, of course, was one of these. It’s believed that varieties of maize have been grown domestically in Mexico for over 6,000 years. Maize was the single most important staple of the Aztec diet. It was eaten at almost every meal by all social classes.
What did Aztecs eat breakfast?
Breakfast would usually be a maize porridge with chillies or honey, or tortillas, beans and sauce. In the afternoon, the main meal would consist of tamales, beans, tortillas, and a casserole of squash and tomatoes.
What did the Aztecs drink?
Water, maize gruels and pulque (iztāc octli), the fermented juice of the century plant (maguey in Spanish), were the most common drinks, and there were many different fermented alcoholic beverages made from honey, cacti and various fruits.
How were Aztec slaves treated?
Slaves had the right to marry, to have children, to substitute another individual in their place, and to buy their freedom. Slaveowners were responsible for housing and feeding their slaves, and slaves generally could not be resold.
Who destroyed the Aztec empire?
Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city. Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain.
How did the Aztec economy grow without money?
The Aztec economy was based on three things: agricultural goods, tribute, and trade. Aztec trade was crucially important to the empire; there could be no empire without it as many goods used by the Aztecs were not produced locally.
What is the Aztecs main crop?
The most common crops were maize (centli, famously used to make tortillas but also tamales and gruel), amaranth (a grain), sage, beans (etl), squash, and chile peppers.
What was Aztecs religion?
MATOS MOCTEZUMA: The Aztec religion was primarily polytheist. They had different gods, male and female. The sun god was Tonatiuh. There were many deities, and they were revered in monthly festivities with rich offerings.
What did the Aztecs invent?
The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, cultivating all available land, introducing irrigation, draining swamps, and creating artificial islands in the lakes. They developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a complex calendar system, and built famous pyramids and temples.
What did the Aztecs use for money?
This copper tajadero (Spanish for chopping knife) was a form of money used in central Mexico and parts of Central America. Also known as Aztec hoe or axe money, this standardized, unstamped currency had a fixed worth of 8,000 cacao seeds – the other common unit of exchange in Mesoamerica.
Did the Aztecs invent chocolate?
The history of chocolate can be traced to the ancient Mayans, and even earlier to the ancient Olmecs of southern Mexico. The word chocolate may conjure up images of sweet candy bars and luscious truffles, but the chocolate of today is little like the chocolate of the past.
What gods did the Aztecs worship?
For the Aztecs, deities of particular importance are the rain god Tlaloc; Huitzilopochtli, patron of the Mexica tribe; Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent and god of wind and learning; and Tezcatlipoca, the shrewd, elusive god of destiny and fortune.