- 1 What techniques did the Incas developed for farming?
- 2 Why did the Incas use terrace farming?
- 3 What tools did the Incas use for farming?
- 4 What system of farming did the Inca develop in order to farm in the mountains?
- 5 Who was the most powerful Inca god the Sun God )?
- 6 What food did the Inca grow?
- 7 Is terrace farming still used today?
- 8 Who did the Incas worship?
- 9 What did the Incas invent that we still use today?
- 10 What language did Incas speak?
- 11 What did the Incas drink?
- 12 What was the Incas most important crop?
- 13 How many types of potatoes did the Incas grow?
- 14 What did the Inca value more than gold?
- 15 Who found the Machu Picchu?
What techniques did the Incas developed for farming?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa, and corn. They built cisterns to hold water and irrigation canals to carry that water to the crops, snaking down and around the mountains. They cut terraces into hillsides, progressively steeper, from valleys up the slopes.
Why did the Incas use terrace farming?
Because the Incas lived in the mountains, they had no flat land for farming. They had to build wide step-like areas called terraces for farming. Through terrace farming, the Incas were able to provide for all people in the empire. The Incas grew potatoes and other crops that could resist cold nights.
What tools did the Incas use for farming?
Generally made from cobble stones, farming tools like the hoe, clod breaker and foot plough were used to break up the soil and make it easier to aerate and plant crop seeds. Farming was celebrated with rituals and songs.
What system of farming did the Inca develop in order to farm in the mountains?
To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces. Terraces are wide steps on the side of mountains. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.
Who was the most powerful Inca god the Sun God )?
Inti, the sun, was the supreme god and the most important deity in the Inca Civilization. Inti was the father of the Sapa Inca who represented him on earth and shared its sacredness. One of the most important festivities celebrating the Sun was the Inti Raymi which took place on June 24th during the winter solstice.
What food did the Inca grow?
Crops cultivated across the Inca Empire included maize, coca, beans, grains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ulluco, oca, mashwa, pepper, tomatoes, peanuts, cashews, squash, cucumber, quinoa, gourd, cotton, talwi, carob, chirimoya, lúcuma, guayabo, and avocado.
Is terrace farming still used today?
Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.
Who did the Incas worship?
Inti, also called Apu-punchau, in Inca religion, the sun god; he was believed to be the ancestor of the Incas. Inti was at the head of the state cult, and his worship was imposed throughout the Inca empire.
What did the Incas invent that we still use today?
Many Inca roads and bridges can still be used today. In fact, the Inca faced so many problems getting from mountain to mountain that they invented different kinds of bridges. One was a suspension bridge, which uses thick cables to hold up the walkway.
What language did Incas speak?
When the Inca civilisation expanded further into current-day Peru in the fifteenth century, Quechua became the lingua franca – a commonly spoken language – across the rest of the country. The Inca Empire, which flourished from the mid-1400s to 1533, played a big part in spreading the Quechua language.
What did the Incas drink?
Chicha is the original Inca drink. Chicha was the most popular drink those Inca days. During festival they drank only Chicha. Chicha was also used in ritual purpose.
What was the Incas most important crop?
Potatoes were the most important ingredient in Inca diet and their main source of nourishment. The potato is one of Peru’s native crops and was domesticated more than 8000 years ago by pre- Inca cultures. Amaranth or kiwicha in Quechua was a staple grain of the Incas.
How many types of potatoes did the Incas grow?
The Incas were masters of plant domestication, especially potatoes. Their development of the potato was remarkable: from 8 species of weeds having toxic tubers to more than 3000 distinct potato varieties.
What did the Inca value more than gold?
For the Incas finely worked and highly decorative textiles came to symbolize both wealth and status, fine cloth could be used as both a tax and currency, and the very best textiles became amongst the most prized of all possessions, even more precious than gold or silver.
Who found the Machu Picchu?
A pair of local farmers walked them a short way before handing them over to a small boy. With the boy leading the way, Hiram Bingham stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century—and what was named in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world: Machu Picchu.