What Is Terracing Farming?

What is meant by terrace farming?

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.

What is the process of terrace farming?

Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “ steps ” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace. Every step has an outlet which channels water to the next step.

What is terrace farming give example?

It is used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice. Example: most well-known use of terrace farming are the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, and a flat area that can be flooded is best. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

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What is terrace farming and who used it?

Terrace farming is a technique in farming where a sloped surface is cut into flat layers, resembling a series of steps. It was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. The terrace farming method has made cultivation of crops in mountainous or hilly regions possible.

What are the advantages of terrace farming?

Terrace farming ensures food security and increases crop yield by water and soil conservation. Thus it reduces soil erosion. In terrace farming, the interaction between water and fertilizer increase results in high yield.

What is the other name of terrace farming?

Terrace farming (also called step farming ) is a method of farming that consists of different “steps” or terraces that were developed in various places around the world. The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (hills and mountains) is a World Heritage Site. It dates back two thousand years.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces, and the time required to maintain terraces.

How does a terrace work?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.

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What is the environmental impact of terrace farming?

Nevertheless, soil erosion and the loss of topsoil are still major threats to terrace farming. Terracing affects the rate of soil erosion caused by water through its effect on local hydrology, runoff characteristics, soil moisture and soil characteristics (Chow et al., 1999).

Is tea grown in terrace farming?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice,and tea.

Which state has terrace farming?

In India, terrace cultivation takes place in the states of Uttaranchal, Punjab, Meghalaya, Haryana, Plains of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. Terrace farming is easily seen on the roadside valleys of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.

What type of crops are grown in terrace farming?

Paddy, cereals, berries, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, colouring plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds, millets, buckwheat, saffron, black cumin, grain amaranth, spices, etc. are some crops grown using terrace farming.

What is the purpose of terracing?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.

Why is terrace farming done in hilly areas?

Hilly region are prone to soil erosion and water scarcity. To prevent the loss of topsoil from the hills side terrace farming done. The cut terraces allow water to slow down while they flow from the upper hill towards the lower side of the hill.

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Why is terrace farming Practised in hilly areas?

Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.

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